1月23日 豊田秀吉:Desirable Intellectual Approach to a Goal in Crop Protection and Preservation from Pests and Pathogens


报告题目:Desirable Intellectual Approach to a Goal in Crop Protection and Preservation from Pests and Pathogens
报告人:豊田秀吉,日本近畿大学植物病理学教授
主持人:许玲 教授
报告时间:2018年1月23日 13:30
报告地点:生命科学学院534小会议室
举办单位:生命科学学院/科技处
 
报告人简介:豊田秀吉教授,轮盘机:京都大学植物细胞工程学博士,日本近畿大学荣誉教授,先后担任日本国际奖推荐委员会委员(生命科学领域)、日本植物病理学会评议员、日本近畿大学学生部副部长,植物防御系统工程研究室主任等职。获日本植物细胞分子生物学会贡献奖,发表学术论文190余篇,著书32部,近期代表著作「静電場スクリーンによる農作物防除システム」、「Electric Field Screen: Principle and Applications」。主要研究领域为植物病理学与植物防御系统工程学,他领导的研究团队在世界范围内首次将物理的静电原理有效应用于植物病虫害的控制研究,并在静电屏蔽技术在农作物病虫害防治领域取得了多项日本发明专利和美国专利。
 
报告内容简介:The protection of crop plants from infection and/or attack by pathogens and pests via safe and environmentally benign methods has been a long-standing goal. Much effort has focused on developing biological and chemical methods to achieve this, including the production of resistant crop plants using conventional and new biotechnological techniques, biocontrol of pathogens and pests using antibacterial, antifungal and entomopathogenic microorganisms, and the screening of biologically synthesised compounds that inhibit growth of the pathogens. Despite much interesting work, there has been little practical progress because the protective effects are easily destroyed, and because of problems with agent preparation, limited targets for application, and high costs. The principal problems facing practical implementation are the application of individual methods for pathogen and pest control at scales larger than the test experiments, and variable environmental conditions. These trials have taught us that the aforementioned techniques were, in essence, supplementary measures for a limited range of targets under particular conditions. We must reflect on the lack of reliable basic methods that can be combined to form an appropriate approach. Once a realistic and reasonable research objective can be settled, it would be possible to advance our steps steadily through a cyclical repetition of creation and destruction of a working hypothesis formulated from the reproducible experimental results and eventually to propose new conceptions for an electric field screen. A number of physical methods, especially exploiting electrostatic phenomena, can generate physical forces sufficiently strong to catch airborne fungal spores or small flying insects that may pass through the conventional insect netting used to protect greenhouse crop plants. If an effective force could be generated, such an electrostatic approach would be an extremely promising tool to provide a spore-free and pest-free space for crop plants during the process of pre- and post-harvest environments.